To lower your risk for a first stroke, follow these guidelines from the National Stroke Association:
Know your blood pressure and work with your doctor to prevent or reduce high blood pressure.
Find out if you have atrial fibrillation.
If you smoke, take steps to quit.
If you drink alcohol, do so in moderation.
If you have diabetes, work with your doctor to find the right medication, and make lifestyle changes.
Include exercise in the activities you enjoy in your daily routine.
Find out if you have high cholesterol.
Enjoy a lower sodium (salt), lower fat diet.
Ask your doctor if you have circulation problems.