Diabetes Care

Diabetes Preventive Health

Tests for Diagnosis of Diabetes

 

Get Comprehensive care for Diabetes

 

Diabetologist opinion
Diet Consultation
Lab Investigation
Associated Health 

All you want to know about Diabetes

Diabetes often goes undiagnosed because many of its symptoms seem so harmless. Recent studies indicate that the early detection of diabetes symptoms and treatment can decrease the chance of developing the complications of diabetes.

Type 1 Diabetes

  • Frequent urination

  • Unusual thirst

  • Extreme hunger

  • Unusual weight loss

  • Extreme fatigue and Irritability

Type 2 Diabetes*

  • Any of the type 1 symptoms

  • Frequent infections

  • Blurred vision

  • Cuts/bruises that are slow to heal

  • Tingling/numbness in the hands/feet

  • Recurring skin, gum, or bladder infections

*Often people with type 2 diabetes have no symptoms

Early Symptoms of diabetes

Diabetes is a condition of Hyperglycemia (Increase level of Glucose in Blood). Most of the times Diabetes is asymptomatic, however it is very important to diagnose diabetes as early as possible to prevent early and late complications of Diabetes.

Symptoms of early diabetes are very subtle and are easily disregard because they may seem harmless. But damage can start years before symptoms become noticeable.

There is condition known as Prediabetes, when there is impaired glucose tolerance, i.e. there are no symptoms of diabetes but blood glucose levels are higher than normal. Even pre-diabetes can increase the risk for heart disease so it’s better to take action sooner. So it is very important to know about the symptoms of Diabetes.

 

Common Symptoms of Diabetes

  • Excessive thirst

  • Increased hunger

  • Increased urination

  • Fatigue, Tiredness and weakness

  • Blurred vision

  • Slow healing of wounds

  • Tingling sensation or numbness in the hands or feet.

  • Abdominal pains

  • Nausea and vomiting

  • Sudden weight loss or gain

  • Skin infections like abscess, pimples

  • Impotence

  • Swelling of feet or legs (Fluid retention)

  • Chronic itching

  • Decreased tolerance to cold

  • Increased heart rate

  • Dry scaly skin

  • Extreme hunger pangs

  • Hot and sweaty with clammy perspiration

  • Heart tremors and palpitations

  • Apprehensive with no obvious reason

  • Nervousness

  • Disoriented, confused, inability to concentrate

  • Frequent headaches, dizziness

  • Mood changes.

Diabetes Myths

Myth #1: You can catch diabetes from someone else.
No. Although we do not know exactly why some people develop diabetes, we know diabetes is not contagious. It can’t be caught like a cold or flu. There seems to be some genetic link in diabetes, particularly Type-2 diabetes. Lifestyle factors also play a part.

Myth #2: People with diabetes can’t eat sweets or chocolate.
If eaten as part of a healthy meal plan, or combined with exercise, people with diabetes can eat sweets and desserts. They are no more “off limits” to people with diabetes, than they are to people without diabetes.

Myth #3: Eating too much sugar causes diabetes.
No. Diabetes is caused by a combination of genetic and lifestyle factors. However, being overweight does increase your risk for developing Type-2 diabetes. If you have history of diabetes in your family, eating a healthy meal plan and regular exercise are recommended.

Myth #4: People with diabetes are more likely to get colds and other illnesses.
No. You are no more likely to get a cold or another illness if you have diabetes. However, people with diabetes are advised to get flu shots. This is because any infection interferes with your blood glucose management, putting you at risk of high blood glucose levels and, for those with Type-1 diabetes, an increased risk of ketoacidosis. 

Myth #5: Fruit is a healthy food. It is ok to eat as much of it as you wish.
Fruit is a healthy food. It contains fiber and lots of vitamins and minerals. Because fruit contains carbohydrate, it needs to be included in your meal plan. Talk to your dietitian about the amount, frequency and types of fruits you should eat.