Swine flu (H1N1 virus)


Most people who get the H1N1 swine flu virus will have a mild flu-like illness that does not require a doctor's visit or antiviral medications. In these cases, it's best to stay at home until you have had no fever (without the use of fever-reducing medications) for at least 24 hours. Be sure to cover coughs and sneezes with a tissue and wash your hands frequently to avoid spreading the virus.


People who are at higher risk for complications if they develop the flu:

  • Children younger than 5 years old

  • People 65 and older

  • Pregnant women

  • People who have

    • Cancer;

    • Blood disorders (including sickle cell disease);

    • Chronic lung disease (including asthma or obstructive pulmonary disease [COPD]);

    • Diabetes;

    • Heart, Kidney or liver disorders;

    • Neurological disorders and neuromuscular disorders (including muscular dystrophy and multiple sclerosis);

    • Weakened immune systems (including people with AIDS).


WARNING SIGNS: Seek medical care immediately (emergency)


In children

  • Fast breathing or trouble breathing,

  • Bluish skin colour,

  • Reduced milk and water intake,

  • Not waking up or not interacting,

  • Child is so much Irritable that he/she does not want to be held,

  • Flu-like symptoms improve but then return with fever and worse cough,

  • Fever with a rash.


In adults

  • Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath,

  • Pain or pressure in the chest or abdomen,

  • Sudden dizziness,

  • Confusion,

  • Severe or persistent vomiting.










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