Migraine (Headache)


A migraine is a type of headache which causes severe headache, usually on the one side of the head. The pain of migraine is usually described by patients as throbbing or pulsing type. It is often associated with nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light and sound. Pain of migraine can last for few hours to many days and it can be very disabling. Migraines often starts in young ages and migraine onset is unusual after middle age.

Symptoms of Migraine

There are four stages of migraine, all of which are not experienced by every patient. These four stages are: prodrome, aura, headache and post-drome.

Prodrome: It starts usually one or 2 days before a migraine headache, these symptoms may include:

  • Behavioural changes like depression to euphoria

  • Constipation and increase urination

  • Increase hunger and thirst and food cravings

  • Frequent yawing

Aura: These are the symptoms which occur just before migraine usually last for 20min to 1 hr. Most the migraine headaches are not preceded by auras. These symptoms Symptoms of auras may include:

  • Visual disturbances: seeing various shapes, bright spots or flashes of light or wavy, zigzag vision. Sometimes patient may experience transient vision loss.

  • Prickly sensation over skin, feeling of numbness, aching sensation especially one side of the body.

  • Weakness of arm and leg of one side (hemiplegic migraine).or jerky or movements of body.

  • Difficulty in speaking, slurred or broken speech

  • Hearing of noises or music

Migraine Attack: In migraine, headache usually gradually builds up and last for few hours to 72hous if not treated. The frequency of migraine varies from person to person and it could be rare or occur many times a month. Symptoms of migraine may in