top of page

Tension-type headache



A tension-type headache is a type of headache that is characterised by a constant, pressing or tightening pain around the head, neck, and temples. Tension-type headaches are the most common type of headache and can be caused by stress, anxiety, depression, poor posture, and neck or jaw tension. The pain is usually mild to moderate and can last for a few hours to several days. Treatment for tension-type headaches typically involves over-the-counter pain relievers, relaxation techniques, and lifestyle modifications to reduce stress and improve posture. In some cases, physical therapy or other forms of treatment may be necessary to manage the underlying causes of tension-type headaches.


Tension-type headaches can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

  • Stress: Stress is a common trigger for tension-type headaches. When you are under stress, your muscles tense up, which can cause a headache.

  • Poor posture: Maintaining poor posture, such as hunching over a computer or staring down at a phone, can lead to tension-type headaches.

  • Eyestrain: Spending a lot of time looking at a screen or reading can cause eye strain, which can lead to tension-type headaches.

  • Muscle tension: Tension in the neck, jaw, or scalp can also cause tension-type headaches.

  • Sleep disturbances: Not getting enough sleep or poor quality sleep can trigger tension-type headaches.

  • Dehydration: Not drinking enough water can cause headaches, including tension-type headaches.

  • Caffeine: Consuming too much caffeine can cause headaches and make existing headaches worse.

  • Hormonal changes: Hormonal changes, such as those that occur during menstruation or menopause, can trigger tension-type headaches.

It's important to note that the cause of tension-type headaches can be a combination of factors and may differ from person to person. In some cases, it may be necessary to see a doctor to rule out other underlying medical conditions.


The main symptoms of a tension-type headache include:

  • Constant pressure or tightness: This is the most common symptom of a tension-type headache and is described as a pressing or tightening pain around the head, neck, and temples.

  • Mild to moderate pain: Tension-type headaches are usually not severe but can be quite uncomfortable. The pain is often described as a band-like sensation around the head.

  • Pain that affects both sides of the head: Tension-type headaches typically affect both sides of the head equally.

  • Pain that lasts for several hours to several days: The duration of a tension-type headache can vary, but they usually last for several hours to several days.

  • No other symptoms: Tension-type headaches are usually not associated with other symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, or sensitivity to light or sound.

If you experience any of these symptoms, it's important to talk to your doctor. They can help determine the cause of your headaches and recommend appropriate treatment.


Treatment for tension-type headaches typically involves a combination of lifestyle changes and medications. Here are some common treatments for tension-type headaches:

  • Over-the-counter pain relievers: Over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen, aspirin, or acetaminophen, can be effective for relieving the pain of tension-type headaches.

  • Relaxation techniques: Relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing, progressive muscle relaxation, or yoga, can help reduce stress and relieve tension-type headaches.

  • Lifestyle modifications: Making changes to your lifestyle, such as improving your posture, reducing stress, and getting enough sleep, can help prevent tension-type headaches.

  • Physical therapy: Physical therapy, including massage, chiropractic care, or exercises to improve posture, can be effective for reducing the tension in the muscles that cause tension-type headaches.

  • Medications to prevent headaches: If you have frequent tension-type headaches, your doctor may prescribe medications to prevent headaches. These medications include tricyclic antidepressants, beta-blockers, and anticonvulsants.

It's important to talk to your doctor about the best treatment plan for your tension-type headaches. They can help determine the underlying cause of your headaches and recommend the most effective treatment for your individual needs.


There are several home remedies that can help relieve the pain of tension-type headaches:

  • Relaxation techniques: Relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing, progressive muscle relaxation, or yoga, can help reduce stress and relieve tension-type headaches.

  • Massage: Massaging your temples, neck, and shoulders can help relieve muscle tension and reduce headache pain.

  • Heat therapy: Applying heat to the painful areas of your head, neck, or shoulders can help relieve pain and relax tense muscles.

  • Over-the-counter pain relievers: Over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen, aspirin, or acetaminophen, can be effective for relieving the pain of tension-type headaches.

  • Hydration: Staying hydrated by drinking plenty of water can help prevent headaches and relieve headache pain.

  • Good posture: Maintaining good posture, especially when sitting, can help reduce tension in your neck and prevent headaches.

  • Sleep: Getting enough sleep and improving the quality of your sleep can help reduce stress and prevent headaches.

It's important to note that while home remedies can be effective for relieving the pain of tension-type headaches, they may not address the underlying causes of your headaches. If you have frequent or severe headaches, it's important to talk to your doctor. They can help determine the cause of your headaches and recommend appropriate treatment.




Kommentare


Featured Posts
Recent Posts
Archive
Search By Tags
Follow Us
  • Facebook Basic Square
  • Twitter Basic Square
  • Google+ Basic Square
bottom of page